Golden History of Dwarka.

 

  • Dwarka is a small city and a municipality of Devbhoomi Dwarka district in the state of Gujarat in northwestern India.
  • It is located on the western shore of the Okhamandal Peninsula on the right bank of the Gomti River.
  • The city’s Dwarkadhish temple dedicated to Krishna was originally built around 2,500 years ago, but was destroyed by Mahmud Begada rulers and subsequently rebuilt in the 16th century. The temple is also the location of Dwaraka matha, also called SharadaMatha/Peeth and “western peeth”, one of the four peeths established by Adi Shankaracharya.
  • As an important pilgrimage center for Hindus, It has several notable temples, including Rukmini Devi Temple, Gomti Ghat, and BetDwarka.
  • The city’s name literally means the “gateway to heaven” in Sanskrit, as Dwar means “gate” and ka references to “Brahma”.
  • It has also been referred throughout its history as “Mokshapuri”, “Dwarkamati”, and “Dwarkavati”. It is mentioned in the ancient prehistoric epic period of the Mahabharata.
  • According to legend, Krishna settled here after he defeated and killed his uncle Kansa at Mathura. This mythological account of Krishna’s migration to Dwarka from Mathura is closely associated with the culture of Gujarat.
  • Krishna is also said to have reclaimed 12 yojanas or 96 square kilometres of land from the sea to create Dwarka.
  • It has been argued that, It was established as the capital in Saurashtra by the Aryans during the Puranaic. The Yadavas, who had migrated from Mathura, established their kingdom here when the city was known as Kaushathali.
  • It was during this period that the city underwent rebuilding and was named Dwarka.
  • A friendly population of Ahirs also prompted Krishna to settle at Dwarka when he decided, after fighting Jarasandha, the king of Magadh, to retreat from Mathura.
  • The kingdom, also known as the Ahir or Yadav empire, was established by Krishna, and flourished and extended its domain.
  • It is said that Krishna conducted the administration of his kingdom from Dwarka while residing with his family in BetDwarka.
  • It is one of 12 heritage cities across the country selected under the Heritage City Development and Augmentation Yojana (HRIDAY) scheme of the Government of India to develop civic infrastructure.
  • The Sudama Setu, a bridge over the Gomti River connecting mainland Dwarka with Panchkui which is the five wells, thirth was scheduled to be commissioned during the Krishna Janmashtami holiday in 2015.  It is a cable-stayed bridge which is 166 metres (545 ft) in length with a width of 2.4 metres (7 ft 10 in).

Dwarka has a history in its own.
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Link: Dwarka Somnath Girnar Darshan Yatra

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