Let your soul and spirit fly. Harmandir Sahib ji is also known as Darbar Sahib, some may also know it as ‘Golden Temple’. If we splits Harmandir into ‘Har’ and ‘Mandir’ it means the “Temple of God” which reflects the true meaning of this goddess place. Harmandir Sahib ji is Sikh Gurdwara (temple) which is situated in the heart of Amritsar, Punjab, India. The city was founded in 1574 by Guru Ramdass Ji (4th Sikh Guru). Guru Arjan Dev Ji ( 5th Sikh Guru) laid the foundation stone of Harmandir Sahib ji on 3rd January 1588 and in 1604 Guru ji finished the Adi Granth (Sikh Holy Scripture) and established it in Harmandir Sahib ji.
It was attacked by one of Ahmed shah Abdali’s Generals, Jahan Khan, in response a Sikh Army hunted down and destroyed Jahan khan’s forces. The Gurdwara was rebuilt by Jassa Singh Alhuwalia with the help of others in 1764. Maharaja Ranjit Singh in early nineteenth century covered the upper floors with gold hence some known it as ‘Golden Temple’.
Over 100,000 people visit Harmandir Sahib daily. The Gurudwara is open for all, it doesn’t matter who you are and where you from because everyone can worship God equally. Surprisingly 35% of the pilgrim who visit the golden temple are non-sikhs.
The Architecture of this Temple is too glorious and Temple has four entrances from all four directions, which truly shows that people of various backgrounds are allowed to make an entry in Gurudwara without any second thoughts. It’s made up with pure white marble and decorated with mosaics and patterns.
The Holy Book of Guru Granth Sahib ji is taken from the Akal Takhat Sahib in a Gold Palanquin every day, together with the freshen up of flowers and Gulab jal and is situated in the Darbar Hall. After acquiring the Holy Guru Granth Sahib reverse to Akal Takhat, Full Darbar Hall cleaned up with milk. Akal Takhat meant the “Throne of the Timeless God” is situated within the complex of Harmandir Sahib. It’s known as the highest seat for the Sikh authority.
There is one holy reservoir name as Amrit Sarovar amids Golden temple, which is a manmade tank. Pilgrims usually take a dip in the Sarovar and they believe that they bear spiritual power with all dips.
The Langar or Parshada serves up to 100,000 people in a weekend or on religious holiday and roughly serves up to 40,000 people in a working day.
It is ranked no 6 when BBC’s popular holiday programme asked viewers to rank the places to see before dying, whereas Taj Mahal was at no 10.